Thursday, 26 February 2015 07:44

Early Warning Systems

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Early warning system on disaster risk reduction and management

This programme targets three specific areas of implementation, namely:

  1. Cereal forecasting for national food security
  2. Geo-hazard mapping for disaster risk management
  3. Biomass assessment and mapping for climate disaster prediction

The cereal forecast sub programme will rely on application of remote sensing techniques to predict production of maize and wheat well before harvest at national level. It generates information on specific area under maize and wheat on one hand and determines maize and wheat yield, production and consumption on another hand.

With regard to geo-hazard mapping, the directorate in conjunction with geological unit of the Ministry will map disaster risk prone areas particularly landslides and mudslides. The information is important at both national and local level. The main aim is to identify, assess and monitor disaster risks areas to foster better knowledge management for building a culture of safety; reduce the underlying risk factors; and enhance preparedness for an effective response.

Likewise, information on prediction of seasonal changes of biomass based on satellite image analysis received under the African Monitoring of Environment for Sustainable Development (AMESD) will be undertaken as drought monitoring tool. AMESD generates near real time data which on analysis results in monitoring of seasonal progression on a daily basis.

As such this program will provide maps, technical information and advice, and monitors activities about minerals-related environmental and public health issues such as naturally occurring heavy metals, asbestos, mercury and radon.

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