The ASS has been conducting wildlife and livestock censuses in the arid and semi arid lands (ASALs) since 1977 to obtain spatial data on animal numbers and distribution. The data is normally collected on counties basis every 3 to 5 years in line with the national and district plans and the district focus strategy for rural development of 1983, but since the year 2008, the objectives have been pegged on the national Vision 2030 strategy.
The GSS conducts its activities on the ground and is mainly on inventory, mapping, assessment and monitoring vegetation through ground sampling techniques.
This section has been in existence since the inception of this institution. It is the custodian of all the data gathered by all the sections. The Data Management Section (DMS) has made much progress towards establishing a sustainable GIS capacity within the Department. During the last year, databases have been restructured to run efficiently on new hardware and updated software. The entire Aerial Surveys Database is now on-line allowing effective, systematic evaluation of wildlife and livestock data, analysis of environmental information (vegetation types, soil erosion and conservation status), agricultural practices and settlement distribution for the Kenyan rangelands at both district and national levels.
Wide interest has been shown in the newly developed standard products and the five initial publications from the aerial survey database. To date five publications have been produced to summarize aerial survey data. These publications are: